Home Industry News Ag Legislation US Tariff on European Wines – Ciatti Co Update

US Tariff on European Wines – Ciatti Co Update

Effective 12 January 2021, the US has expanded its 25% import duty increase on European wines to include French and German still wines over 14% alcohol in both bottled and bulk form, scuppering moves by suppliers to circumvent the increase by bottling in the US or importing higher-alcohol wines.

The tariff hikes on these products are an expansion of the original tranche, effective since 18 October 2019, on French, Spanish, German and UK wines “not over 14% alcohol, in containers not over 2 liters”, levied as part of the long-running US-EU aircraft subsidies dispute.

In late 2020 the EU retaliated to those US tariff hikes by imposing its own 25% import duty increases on
– among other items – US rum, brandy, vodka and vermouth. The Office of the US Trade Representative (USTR) has since claimed this response was disproportionate as the EU based it on “trade data from a period in which trade volumes had been drastically reduced due to the horrific effects on

the global economy from the COVID-19 virus”. As such, the USTR has now levied these new tariffs on French and German wines “to keep the two actions proportionate to each other”.

The following French and German wines and wine/ grape-based products are part of this action (HTS subheading in brackets):

  • “Effervescent grape wine, in containers holding 2 liters or less” (2204.21.20)
  • “Tokay wine (not carbonated) not over 14% alcohol, in containers not over 2 liters” (2204.21.30)
  • “Marsala” wine, over 14% vol. alcohol, in containers holding 2 liters or less (2204.21.60)
  • “Grape wine, other than ‘Marsala’, not sparkling or effervescent, over 14% vol. alcohol, in containers holding 2 liters or less” (2204.21.80)
  • “Wine of fresh grapes, other than sparkling wine, of an alcoholic strength by volume <=14% in containers holding over 2 liters but not over 4 liters” (2204.22.20)
  • “Wine of fresh grapes, other than sparkling wine, of an alcoholic strength by volume >14%
    in containers holding over 2 liters but not over 4 liters” (2204.22.40)
  • “Wine of fresh grapes, other than sparkling wine, of an alcoholic strength by volume <=14% in containers holding over 4 liters but not over 10 liters” (2204.22.60)
  • “Wine of fresh grapes, other than sparkling wine, of an alcoholic strength by volume >14% in containers holding over 4 liters but not over 10 liters” (2204.22.80)
  • “Wine of fresh grapes, other than sparkling wine, of an alcoholic strength by volume <=14% in containers holding >10 liters” (2204.29.61)
  • “Wine of fresh grapes, other than sparkling wine, of an alcoholic strength by volume >14% in containers holding >10 liters” (2204.29.81)
  • “Grape must, nesoi, in fermentation or with fermentation arrested otherwise than by addition of alcohol” (2204.30.00)
  • “Spirits obtained by distilling grape wine or grape marc (grape brandy), other than Pisco
    and Singani, in containers each holding not over 4 liters, valued over $38 per proof liter” (2208.20.40: “only a portion of HS8 digit is to be covered”)

Read more in Ciatti Company’s January Global Market Report

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